Home > Dawah, Tawheed > “How can you believe in something unseen when you cannot prove its existence?”

“How can you believe in something unseen when you cannot prove its existence?”

“Isn’t Islam mythical as Muslims believe in Angels and Demons?” “Why do you believe in a God whom you cannot see?” “People in the old times believed in God because they lack scientific knowledge or rational thinking.” These questions and similar thoughts might leave some Muslims perplexed or might be holding back a rational person who feels that he would have to become “irrational” to believe in God. Is this really the case? A simple study of these misconceptions will help us shine the light on these questions as the Quran is described by Allah (Arabic for The One God) as Nur or Light that banishes darkness. The basic litmus test is, “Is Quran the word of God Almighty?” If we provide sufficient evidence for this, then all the false arguments will be baseless. Let us test the Quran in the light of Modern Science, Logic and Probability, as well as look at the open challenge in the Quran to Humanity as Allah says:


“Do they not consider the Qur’an (with care)? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy” [Quran Surat Al-Nisa’a 4:82]


Dr. Gary Miller says that “One of the well known scientific principles is the principle of finding mistakes or looking for mistakes in a theory until it’s proved to be right (Falsification Test). What’s amazing is that the Holy Qur’an asks Muslims and non-Muslims to try to find mistakes in this book and it tells them that they will never find any”.[1]


If we look in the realms of science, there are numerous scientific facts mentioned in the Quran: around 1000 of the 6000 verses.[2] One would assume that a Book from 14 Centuries ago is bound to have innumerable scientific inaccuracies. Let us see if this is the case.


“ Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of Creation), before We clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?” [“Al-Anbiya:30]


The Quran talks about the creation of the Universe, confirming the concept of modern day Big Bang Theory that the Universe was a primitive atom before it exploded and kept expanding. In another instance:


“He has let loose the two seas meeting each other. Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress.” [Quran 55:19-20]

Here the fact that fresh water and salt water seas don’t mix is referenced which had perplexed the early Quran day commentators whereas modern day Oceanographers are able to explain this phenomenon.


When the Quran was revealed, the people thought that the Earth was flat. However in the Quran, the word, dahaahaa is used to in reference to the Earth, which means an ostrich egg, which aptly explains the shape of our planet; a fact inconceivable 1400 years ago.[3]


“And after that He spread the Earth.” [Quran 79:30]


Now these are few examples from the 100’s of such verses present in the Quran. From a logic point of view, Dr. Zakir Naik analyzes that if we take any 3 facts mentioned in the Quran and try to see if it possible for them to randomly be true? Let us take the instance that at the time people held the view that the Earth was flat. Quran revealed, as discussed earlier, that it is oval shaped. Let us assume there are about 30 possibilities (hexagonal, spherical, pentagonal etc.). Then the possibility of it being a right guess is 1/30. Now, another fact mentioned in the Quran is that all living things are created from water. There are whole myriad of things that we can assume we are created from, so let us assume 10,000 possibilities. So the probability of being the right guess is 1/10,000. Another scientific example in the Quran is the barrier between the seas, which have scientific evidence pointing to the barriers between the salt and fresh water bodies in the Mediterranean. There are two options here – barrier or no barrier, so the probability is ½. Now the combined probability of all three facts accurately mentioned being guesses is 1/30 x 1/10000 x ½ = 0.00017% which is practically impossible. Now that is only for three facts, and if we apply this formula to all the scientific facts mentioned in the Quran, confirmed by modern science, it would be beyond human minds to comprehend the impossibility of it. [4]


So, we have provided proof that the source of the Quran is of Divine origin and scientifically speaking, if all the facts mentioned in the Quran for which scientific evidence exists today are correct, then it takes common sense to note that other facts mentioned for which science has not discovered yet has to be true too. Just because we don’t know does not make it wrong. People 1400 years ago did not know that the Earth was oval shaped nor was Universe created from the Big Bang nor the Moon reflected light. That is why, we Muslims believe in a God we cannot see and His Angels, and Jinns, although we cannot see as the Quran has provided enough evidence for mankind that it is from a divine source.








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